Thesis Statement – Its Purpose and How to Write It
There are many types of tasks students get assigned these days. They all carry out specific purposes and have exclusive formats, structures, and requirements. Although they look entirely different if you take into account only the mentioned attributes, they all have the same item in common. No matter what the text is about, it will be placed at the beginning of every assignment. It's called a thesis statement. Without it, an essay loses coherence and logical order of arguments backed up by evidence. That is why it is obligatory to have a statement like this to demonstrate all the points you will develop. Let's discuss every single crucial aspect of this piece of writing.
Everything in the world has the main idea behind it. A book you're reading has one underlying concept the author wanted to bring to light and debate thorough the characters and their actions. A person giving a public speech has a particular idea on their mind. They're also going to develop it throughout the whole performance.
In your academic paper or essay, in particular, you have that one main point that you want to dwell on and argue or prove. In all these cases, we deal with a thesis statement in its different manifestations. And, before we proceed with our writing tips, we should make sure you are aware of the primary purposes of this element well:
- To make the reader think about the idea, concept, behavior, or one's way of life. This feature is common for books. There, authors inspire people to analyze themselves and the world around them in a creative way.
- To turn the audience's attention to the burning issues of today that have to be taken into account and solved. That is what a lot of modern public speeches are about. And, a strong thesis statement is what makes any speech more convincing and powerful.
- To show one's competence in a subject matter and awareness of a topic's specifics. That is what students deal with in their academic essays. One has to go through several solid thesis statement examples to form a relevant stance and then work with it throughout an entire assignment.
So, the main idea on which a good thesis statement is based on is to come up with one sentence (two sentences, sometimes) that will demonstrate your central argument sharply and will be a strong core for the entire paper of yours.
But, not all the statements are appropriate. Standards and rules one should follow while dealing with this tricky element of an academic paper exist. Therefore, to help you ease the writing process, we have prepared this article. Here, we will go through relevant and simple tips, recall some intricacies of academic writing, and analyze several strong and weak thesis statement examples for you to become competent in how to prepare it well.
What Is a Thesis Statement?
"What is a thesis statement?" This query tends to be one of the most searched questions on the web. It is a sentence that identifies the essential items you will discuss within your piece. Every essay must possess this part, which allows the reader to become aware of the writer's ideas.
What is a thesis statement in an essay?
The best thesis statement definition would be a sentence that glues the whole thing together. Without it, a written discourse doesn't have learning objectives, is incoherent, and can be easily claimed to be an incomplete task. To speak nothing of the grade, which will be unsatisfactory in case a statement is absent.
What is the purpose of a thesis statement?
The statement's focal goal is to identify chief elements that you will explain in a broader scope within body paragraphs. It sets the context and gives direction to the written piece. Moreover, it limits your ideas and makes you stick to them solely and not deviate from your points.
What is a good thesis statement?
A strong statement needs to be specific and explain the arguments (usually, three exact points) briefly and clearly. So, a thesis should demonstrate what your essay will be about. By including the main points in the thesis, you will narrow the focus of your subject.
What is an example of a thesis statement?
Regardless of the assignment, a statement needs to be strong, informative and condensed. Let's take a look at poor and compelling sample sentences. For instance, you have to write about film photography.
A weak sentence would look like this:
People shoot with film cameras because it gives them specific graininess.
On the contrary, a strong thesis would look:
Analog photography attracts people from all over the world because it is uniquely beautiful and vintage and gives unexpected results.
Thesis Statement — Main Thing About Your Topic
Despite the variety of academic papers, they all have a common feature — the main argument one should analyze, prove, or challenge. That is your thesis. And, depending on the assignment you are working on, the intention of such a statement can be different. Thus, you can:
- Present a problem to which you are going to find a solution.
- Mention the major effects of the cause you'll describe in the body paragraphs.
- Take a stance that should be presented as sound and valid with the help of evidence and examples.
- Briefly describe two concepts that look similar but have to be compared and contrasted from different perspectives.
- Tell about an experience that resonates with a subject well and can help to have a more in-depth look into it, etc.
There is no original thesis statement template. But, while writing your first paragraph or essay introduction, keep in mind two things. First, the type of your assignment: it will have an impact on the format of your paper and writing strategies you have to use. Second, the subject matter or a topic assigned because, this way, you'll be able to narrow down the spectrum of ideas available and interesting thoughts on which to base your paper.
Here is a thesis statement tip: it shouldn't tell everything about the topic or explain why you've chosen it exactly. For such an overview, you have the rest of the introduction paragraph. What you have to do is to let your thesis statement be your own perception of the issue under discussion. It should be what you personally think and what you'll analyze, prove, or argue in the assignment itself.
Another important thing is the thesis statement always presents a type of claim, so one should be careful while preparing it. For that, creating your draft thesis (or several variants of those) can be useful. Just brainstorm the topic and try coming up with several thesis statement examples that will:
- Be related to the problem.
- Show your view on the subject matter.
- Not be the largest part of your introduction.
And, since writing a good thesis statement might be a challenge (especially, if you need to combine all your thoughts in a few sentences), we think it's time to analyze some examples.
Thesis Statement Format
Many confuse this statement and a thesis. As we have already defined, the statement is the most crucial component of every writing task, determining the entire piece's key aspects. On the other hand, a thesis is an extensive work, which should be written by B.A. and M.A. students. A thesis must contain the statement.
However, students are prone to look for answers for questions that cannot be answered. As such, the most widespread, yet awkward questions are "what thesis statement format should I follow, how to APA format thesis statement, how to MLA format thesis statement." There are no specific rules on writing and formatting a statement when it comes to formatting styles. The discipline you write your topic for determines which formatting style you have to follow. For instance, if you write about something humanitarian or similar, you must strictly follow the MLA style. If your assignment is about education, psychology, or social science, ensure APA formatting for your piece.
These are the general formatting steps. However, you'd better ask your professor about the style, as plenty of colleges establish their own requirements. For example, subjects related to sociology might be cited in the APA or ASA (American Sociological Association) styles.
Thesis Statement Structure
Even though there are no specific rules concerning a thesis statement structure, mainly because of its conciseness, questions, such as, "what is the structure of a thesis statement and how to structure a thesis statement," arise. To build an outstanding thesis and make it a full-fledged roadmap, you have to answer the following questions:
- Do I answer the topic's question? Your claim must answer the prompt's problem and give a clear picture of your goals.
- Will I provoke any dubious thoughts? If your statement states the points that no one disagrees with, it summarizes commonly known ideas and isn't a thesis.
- Is it too vague? You have to be specific in your statement. Avoid adding neutral adjectives like "nice" and "good." Be more precise.
- Do I create the "so what" question? If yes, then your statement is not clear enough. Make it more exact.
Other than answering the mentioned questions, ensure including the thesis statement at the very end of the introductory paragraph. That is a good practice because it serves not only as a guideline and a shortened version of a table of contents. It also becomes somewhat of a transition to the body. That is the most suitable place for placing a thesis statement because background information and the subject's importance precede it. Thus, the reader has an understanding of what's going on. Otherwise, if you insert a thesis at the very beginning, you are likely to confuse the readers and make them forget your main idea.
How to Write a Thesis Statement
Whether you are assigned the topic or not, you should know how to write a thesis statement. Placing a thesis at the end of the introduction is vital and unavoidable. But there are many other things, following which will showcase whether you know how to write a good thesis statement or not.
How to write a thesis statement step by step
Before starting to write, you have to understand your topic. If you know what question you should answer, you should start researching. Once you find relevant, in your opinion, and credible sources, you have to construct a powerful statement. To do that, make sure you take these steps:
Step 1 – Examine your sources
Try to find out whether your sources have some interest, tension, or controversy. What is the primary information the author tries to convey to the reader? Does the author stick to one side during the entire thing? Or maybe the author contradicts themselves later on? What is the deduction of the written piece? Once you answer these questions, you will develop a working thesis and make it more specific. (If you don't delve into what and why questions, you won't develop a statement.)
Step 2 – Note it down
Everyone has experienced moments when you forget something crucial unconsciously. That is one of the most embarrassing things one can ever face. To remember a statement and ensure you don't forget it, note it down. No matter whether it is clumsy, wordy, or long. The thesis will help you follow crucial ideas and construct a logical, concise, and clear sentence.
Step 3 – Know the thesis's place
As mentioned above, a statement should be found at the end of an introductory paragraph. Almost every writing task follows this structure, so readers already know where to find this statement.
Step 4 – Counterexamples
When you have crafted a thesis, think of counterarguments that the audience might address. Knowing these counterarguments, you will distill your statement and will be able to refute them within the main text. Remember that every argument has its counters. If your ideas don't have them, consider changing the thesis, as it is more of a widely agreed fact.
How to write a thesis statement for an essay
To compose a solid thesis for an essay, either short or extensive, complete these commonly accepted rules:
- Make a statement, not a question. Readers, including your professor, want you to answer the question put forward in the topic. Don't include questions in your statement, as it will confuse readers and won't be a thesis.
- Avoid writing not accurately enough. A vague thesis would be, "Carnivores are evil because they kill animals." Although a high level of meat consumption exists, this sentence will make you prejudiced, moralistic, and off-putting. Consequently, you won't draw the reader's attention and make them continue to read.
- Include a robust claim. "While people who eat meat contributed to the increase in meat production, farm owners used methods, called battery farming, to satisfy the people's needs." That would be a compelling claim that shows in which direction you will go. Consequently, the reader will know that battery farming is the main point, and you will further develop it.
- Make a clear-cut thesis. Omit overused, abstract, and general terms, which are hard to follow. For instance, "Digital photography is more popular than the analog one because it is cheaper to sustain, it gives immediate results, and it gives pictures of higher quality." That sentence is more powerful than "digital photography is more popular than analog for many reasons."
Thesis Statement Examples to Consider
Before starting, let's name three main elements a thesis statement format usually consists of. That is not only your position but also a reason for it to be examined, and don't forget to mention the topic to let the audience understand what to be prepared for. Such a statement may seem too complicated and even redundant. But, we ask you to look at the examples below — to make things simpler, let's take the issue of school discipline as our topic.
- Discipline is a matter of higher importance for the educational sphere these days, and school uniforms are what can help the officials to manage it well: it teaches learners to follow the academic standards, be more organized, and, it provides them with a feeling of belonging.
- Schools officials should ask students to wear uniforms to make them follow the rules and feel connected to each other.
So, both statements from the above can be a thesis, however, there are some differences between them. In the second case, the first thing you notice is the length of the sentence. Yes, sometimes, one can use just a few words to cover the main idea. However, that doesn't entail neglecting logic or coherence. The second sentence is just a bare idea, but it is hard to understand what the author wants us to pay attention to the most. Students who do not follow the rules? And, what is the link between that and learners being connected or the main reason for considering school uniforms useful? Yes, we see the author's intention is to make students wear uniforms, however, there is no mention of exactly how that relates to the issue of discipline in schools.
But the sentence above it is an effective thesis statement example — it has all three elements preserved. There, we see the main topic being mentioned at the beginning, the reasoning (the way school uniforms can help to manage it), and the author's stance. We see the main idea. It lies in emphasizing the importance of wearing uniforms and proving it. We can even predict the ways one can prove it — there are three main points overviewed.
The next thing to discuss is a need for including a debatable thesis in an essay. This is a good way not only to interest the reader but to show your ability to discuss challenging issues and come to reasonable conclusions. Now, let's take the environmental issues as our topic and look at the examples below:
- Environmental issues are what bothers many people these days. Still, not all of them understand we should start with ourselves and change the way we live: get rid of plastic, prefer zero-waste products, and, ideally, stop eating animal-based food.
- Environmental issues are what bothers many people these days, and we should start with ourselves.
Again, we see two theses, but now, they are almost identical — which one is more effective and discussible? If you prefer the first option, you understand the importance of a good main idea.
So, the second option is quite plain and even incomprehensible. We see the dissatisfaction of the author regarding the relationship between man and nature. However, the whole sentence sounds like a boring rule for children (albeit an important one).
The first example is not only more sizeable but also shows us the author's confident stance. Firstly, they make society responsible for environmental problems. Secondly, they offer solutions immediately (those also can be the ideas for body paragraphs). And that is exactly what many people can debate and what causes public interest — thought-provoking statements. And, all that lies within one sentence. But if we're talking about the number of words, it's worth recalling the last rule.
A thesis statement usually appears in the introductory paragraph, but it doesn't replace that part of an essay. Therefore, one should be careful not to overdo with words.
- The environment is suffering today, and it's our society that made things go that way. We build plants and animal farms and neglect recycling. And after that, we want the environment to have no problems? We complain about dirty rivers that the air is difficult to breathe, and a cloudy sky above our heads. But why does no one want to solve this issue or find its root cause? Environmental questions are what bothers many people these days, but not all of them understand we should start with ourselves and change the way we live: get rid of plastic, prefer zero-waste products, and, ideally, stop eating animal-based food.
Sounds logical, doesn't it? Each sentence reflects a particular idea, but not each of them is a thesis. You do not need so many words, and that is one of the main statement tips: in the introduction, you need not only to come up with your statement — the first paragraph should gradually lead the reader to the main question and boost their interest and readiness to discuss the topic. That's why, while preparing thesis statement examples, make sure to include some coherent and general information before writing your own.
Every topic is exclusive, which means that you need to have an unusual approach toward it and carry out research to find out the arguments you want to develop. That is why there are many examples of a thesis statement, depending on a topic, type, and word count. Short tasks do not require an extensive thesis statement, as they aim to describe just a couple of items. However, long written pieces may not only have long thesis statements. They also may place these statements in separate paragraphs. Assume you have to write a default, five-paragraph essay, which means your thesis should be found at the end of an introductory paragraph. Let's then look at good thesis statement examples.
Some of them will be coupled with introductory paragraphs to give you a clear picture of its location, look, and role.
Thesis statement examples for essays
Describe the adverse effects of PC culture
Political correctness is a widely accepted feature that leads one throughout the life path. Being neutral in giving various speeches, be it about minorities, religion, or whatsoever, one ensures continuing a career without any conflicts regarding the aforementioned aspects. One may say that political accuracy portrays an individual as one that possesses a high-standard courtesy and appropriate behavior. However, the truth is that the juxtaposition of political correctness gives a clear picture of the abundance of adverse effects on people's lives. The most harmful elements of political correctness are censorship, toxic masculinity, and the imposition of conformity.
Why do we take photographs?
Taking photos is an activity that requires an abundance of abilities to take a worthwhile picture. Be it an amateur, or a professional photographer, there are lots of elements to consider to shoot an awe-inspiring and breathtaking photo. Also, a variety of people tend to think that photography only depicts life's beauty, which correlates with images of fascinating castles, monuments, et cetera. However, it is hard to say so because the bulk of other reasons exists. As such, it would be plausible to point out the nudity, a demonstration of atrocities, and ransom as reasons that broadly rely on photography and make use of it.
What are the causes of religious fanaticism?
Needless to say, religion accompanies humanity for centuries, being a loyal friend to an individual that will always listen, understand, and avoid judgment regardless of what deeds one has committed. Even though today's society tends to review their religious values, meaning that particular individuals prefer to become atheists, there are still many people who believe in God in various forms. Indubitably, an excessive faith may well lead to unpredictable consequences that can jeopardize the world, stamping horrid events in history. As follows, it would be reasonable to point out the three most predominant causes of religious fanaticism, such as supremacy, misinterpretation of jihad, and swindle.
What are the benefits of regular exercise?
Suffice to say, physical exertion is an activity that substantially improves people's lives depending on which sport they do. Scientists empirically identified a positive impact of exercises, which help people to remain alive and kicking in various terms. Sadly, the mass media, as well as myriads of celebrities, doctors, and influencers, give an incomplete picture of the usefulness of the exercises, pointing out proper blood circulation, a strong heart, and a low body fat percentage. Therefore, in order to fully establish the goodwill of frequent workouts, it would be reasonable to present the three underrated but no less crucial perks, such as sexual versatility, a proper function of joints, and improved body cleansings.
What are the effects of using drugs?
It is generally accepted that drugs tend to hurt the human body, destroying its natural shape and wrecking the neuro system. As follows, a plethora of narcotics, either hard or soft, is strictly banned in most of the globe's countries. The world's society is prone to control the narco-trafficking and its spreading to prevent deaths based on using stimulants and continues to pursue the idea of growing a healthy and stable nation. However, the fact that drugs may well have a positive effect on human life in a long perspective is rigorously denied globally. Therefore, the most apparent aspects that positively impact the human body, such as creativity boost, cures of specific diseases, and social benefits, are further to be analyzed.
Now that you know where to include a thesis and what should precede it, you can look at the following thesis statement examples.
How to write an academic writing task
An academic piece requires organization, in-depth research, attention to the topic, and proper use of English; however, without the author's deep understanding of the subject matter, the assignment is doomed to fail.
The importance of art to society
The controversial art of Andres Serrano deserves to be exhibited at the public expense even though most people find it offensive.
The relationship between policy and research
Provincial economic policy needs to be informed by not only public opinion and fiscal liability, but also research funded outside of corporate interest. Without careful consideration of environmental impacts, the short-term economic gain becomes a worst-case scenario.
Note: this thesis statement comprises two sentences. Usually, this long a statement determines the length of the whole work. In that case, the text is over 15 pages because the topic should be backed up with scholarly sources and reveal in-depth research. If your essay is less than 15-10 pages long, try to make a thesis condensed, clear, and include all the necessary information in one sentence.
Even though school uniforms may break the bank of particular families, they eliminate all signs of inequality and make the overall class look alike.
The importance of public libraries
Libraries are the best resource of self-education, free and accessible anywhere; therefore, libraries need to be funded more vigorously by local municipalities, sponsors, and philanthropists to enlighten the mass.
How to prevent cyberbullying
The most useful way to get rid of cyberbullying is to control the kid's behavior and limit the use of social media platforms, ensuring no rights are violated.
The importance of medical marijuana for veterans
The most affordable, healthy, and working way to decrease the level of critical PTSD cases is the implementation of marijuana use everywhere in the United States.
A vegan diet is exceptionally benefitting because it reduces the CO2 emissions, propagates a sober lifestyle, and doesn't break the bank.
Thesis Statement Outline
An outline of a thesis statement doesn't have any structure and format because it relies solely on your research. Meaning you don't have to stick to a specific formatting style, including Roman or Latin numerals. The most significant part is to know what the question of your topic is. If you know what you want to write about, you should jot down the points you will look for within reliable sources. For example, suppose your topic is The contribution of Arthur Rimbaud's literature to the symbolism movement, and you assume that the main points are volatile personality, tumultuous life, and unique writing style. In that case, your thesis statement outline will have the following form:
Thesis statement: Arthur Rimbaud tends to be one of the most important contributors to the symbolism movement because of his volatile personality, tumultuous life, and unique writing style.
- Volatile personality
- Numerous escapes from home
- Enigmatic behavior
- Tumultuous life
- Undefined affairs with Verlaine
- A sudden trip to the Middle East
- Unique writing style
- Sensory receptors
That is one of the most acceptable thesis statement outline examples. Bear in mind, though, that it doesn't have to be the final version, as your thesis can be flexible during the writing process. You can modify it, adding or, on the contrary, eliminating particular items. When you complete the work, try to correspond to every point from the body paragraph with arguments from the thesis statement. When you make a thesis refined, your task will be professionally written.
So, we have determined how an outline of a thesis should look. Acknowledge that this outline is not an obligatory element, which means you won't submit it to the teacher. However, the professor may well ask you to add the paper's outline to the submission. Note that it looks different compared to that of a thesis statement. Let us then look at the full-fledged outline.
Title: The contribution of Arthur Rimbaud's literature to the symbolism movement
Thesis statement: Arthur Rimbaud tends to be one of the most important contributors to the symbolism movement because of his volatile personality, tumultuous life, and unique writing style.
- Thesis: Arthur Rimbaud tends to be one of the most important contributors to the symbolism movement because of his volatile personality, tumultuous life, and unique writing style.
- Topic sentence: Volatile personality made Rimbaud a prominent representative of the symbolism movement.
- Starting from an early age, he escaped from the home with no money in his pocket to get to Paris and look for career prospects. Even though he used to be caught, Rimbaud found the way to come to Paris.
- No one from his surroundings knew what was on his mind. His behavior was spontaneous, and oftentimes it led to abrupt decisions.
- Topic sentence: Rimbaud's thunderous lifestyle left its mark on Symbolism, which enlarged the movement’s horizons.
- Having unclear relations with Verlaine, he was always drunk, abused drugs, and even got shot. Notwithstanding, he revealed his potential, and Verlaine helped him publish his poetry.
- Once the affairs were done, Rimbaud decided to relocate to the Middle East. It was a sudden decision, and Rimbaud was motivated by money. He wasn't affluent and always had loans to pay off.
- Topic sentence: His unique writing style was inevitable, as no one was writing about such aspects at that time.
- His works were divided into life periods, signalizing different emotions, age, and priorities.
- His poems were full of sensory receptors, including hearing, smell, touch, and taste. These were later defined as the most primary features of Symbolism
Arthur Rimbaud's contribution to the symbolistic world is inevitable, and the aforementioned aspects, such as sophisticated personality, clamorous lifestyle, and exquisite writing attributes, proved this ultimately.
This is a complete plan for your work. You can use either Roman or Latin numerals if your professor didn't state it. Apart from that, be sure to follow a proper formatting style. Remember that your outline can be more or less detailed. The outline's primary goal is to facilitate your writing and help you follow the arguments per your thesis statement.
Thesis Statement Tips
No matter how a random guide is detailed, everyone will look for tips and hints. The same goes for a thesis statement. Before writing a written discourse, make sure you familiarize yourself with our tips for writing a thesis statement.
Determine what kind of task you are working on beforehand
There are three main papers, called analytical, expository, and argumentative:
- An analytical essay stands for assessing different elements and presenting functions and the overall outcomes of the evaluation.
- An expository, also called an explanatory essay, aims to explain some aspects of the subject to the audience. Here, you have to explain how something works, the purpose of this item, and why it is beneficial to the user.
- An argumentative essay requires you to throw a claim out there, and tries to explain why this claim is true, supporting it with textual, visual, or statistical evidence. This type is like a persuasive speech, where you aim to persuade the audience and delve into the topic, being accurate and straightforward.
Make sure to include every crucial part in a thesis statement
One might ask, "Wait, does this short sentence have elements to include?" It does. The next time you are assigned a writing task, remember to insert the three main parts: the limited subject, an accurate opinion, and the reasons. No matter which essay type you write (analytical, expository, argumentative), you have to have your thesis statement.
- The limited subject. If you are not assigned a topic yet have the requirements, make sure you pick a subject and write it following the instructions.
- An accurate opinion. Avoid writing hazy ideas that are unclear to the reader. State a clear goal of your work.
- A complete plan. The outline is a great scheme for your piece, which shows the arguments and everything crucial that will be developed in the text.
Adjust your thesis to the work, but also adapt your work to the thesis
Even though it might sound confusing, the idea is straightforward: without a doubt, you are highly encouraged to modify your thesis while working out the rest of the task. But don't forget to adjust each body passage to the thesis statement's main point. If a thesis statement lists three reasons A, B, and C, ensure body paragraphs are structured in the same order. To put it simply, the first body passage will examine an A argument, the second section B argument, and the third section C argument.
A thesis statement should be everywhere
As we know, an essay contains three essential parts. They are an intro, body, and conclusion. Each of these parts has to have a rephrased thesis statement inside. When it comes to the body part, kick off every passage with a topic sentence. It needs to be linked to your statement or one of its points
With regard to a conclusion, you have to restate a complete thesis statement at the very beginning. However, do not reiterate it word for word. A good concluding sentence wraps up points and leads to the CTA (Call to Action).
Do not use the first-person pronouns or similar phrases
Under no circumstances should you include personal pronouns not only in a thesis statement but also in the entire work (unless you write a personal reflection essay or insert your own citations). Nor should you include "this paper will discuss" and similar phrases, as it will distract the reader because such phrases are overused and mechanical. Also, they are redundant and serve as fillers. Instead, make a thesis shorter but precise.
Keep your assignment in mind
Many students forget to get back to the topic and compare it with a thesis statement. By doing this frequently, you are sure to meet the requirements and reveal the subject.
Craft a purpose statement
A purpose statement can be a helpful tool to make you organized and focused. Although you don't have to include it in your work, you can write it down, underline, and stay focused on your topic. To put it simply, it is a sentence that identifies your topic, the structure, but doesn't point out the work's findings. It is optional, but a purpose sentence can help you compose a strong thesis statement.
Although a thesis is a one-sentence statement, it is the most significant part of your writing assignments. It has to be clear and notify the reader about the points as well as serve as a map. A thesis statement should be the first thing to be written once the research of a subject is done. A thesis statement is almost always found at the closing of the intro passage and contains a limited subject, a complete opinion, and a plan. This guide, along with thesis statement tips, puts some light on the essential components one should follow to craft an excellent, compelling, and a skillful thesis statement.
That was out the last piece of advice. And we hope some recommendations and examples provided here will make your writing processes easy!